Hemorrhoids or Piles: Hemorrhoids Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

    Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen and hollow veins near the anus. In simple words, these are the ‘varicose veins’ of the anus. Nowadays Hemorrhoids are a very common physical problem. Pain in the rectum, bleeding, and other symptoms will occur to the patients. One survey found that about 75% of people in the United States are suffered from Hemorrhoids. However, the effects of the disease are more prevalent in the age group of 45 to 65 years.


    However, at present Hemorrhoids are no longer limited to a certain age. Hemorrhoids or piles can have a variety of cases, although the exact cause is unknown. Common symptoms of hemorrhoids are rectal pain, bleeding, rectal swelling, and inflammation.

    Lack of fiber-rich foods, constipation, obesity, during pregnancy, prolonged standing or sitting habits, not exercising, etc., cause the disease to settle in the body and continue to grow. Piles are usually treated with drugs or surgery. However, it is possible to solve this problem in some domestic ways. So let’s find out the ways in this article.

    What Are Hemorrhoids or Piles?

    You may be wondering what Are Hemorrhoids or Piles? Well, the answer is, Hemorrhoids are blood vessels that expand and swell in the anus and the lower part of the anus. Blood vessels become swollen due to increased pressure inside them. Hemorrhoids are usually caused by an increase in pressure in the lower abdomen. And because hard stool creates pressure, the blood vessels tears and from there the bleeding will start. and day by day it will start growing if it’s not treated properly and you will feel extreme pain during latrine.

    What Are Hemorrhoids or Piles

    What Causes Hemorrhoids or Piles?

    Hemorrhoids are not arteries or veins, but instead common blood vessels called sinusoids are located in the rectum and the walls surrounding the rectum. When the airway pressure between these blood vessels increases, the hemorrhoids become swollen and bifurcated, as it is more difficult to empty the blood from them. This leads to the most common symptoms of bleeding and swelling.

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    Common conditions that increase pressure in the hemorrhoid blood vessels and lead to abnormalities include the following.

    • Strain to make bowel movements. It can be caused by constipation or diarrhea.
    • Prolonged sitting in the toilet
    • Lack of practice
    • Low fiber diet
    • Obesity
    • Pregnancy
    • Colon cancer
    • Liver disease
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Anal intercourse
    • Spinal cord injury
    • How to Get Rid of Hemorrhoids?

    Hemorrhoids Symptoms:

    The most common signs and symptoms of Hemorrhoids are painless bleeding. There may be deep red blood on the outside of the stools, on toilet paper, or on the toilet. Bleeding is usually self-limiting.

    What are She Signs and Symptoms of Prolonged or Internal Hemorrhoids?

    In most cases, there are no symptoms of internal hemorrhoids but only if there is bleeding in the bowel movement or hemorrhoids prolapse so that it is felt outside the rectum. It can cause itching and pain as well as bleeding.

    Prolapse of internal hemorrhoids occurs when internal hemorrhoids swell and expand from their position in the anus through the anus.

    An elongated internal hemorrhoid:

    • May be felt as a discharge outside the anus
    • Gently pushed back through the anus, it can resolve the position of the hemorrhoids but not the hemorrhoids themselves
    • It can become larger and swollen if left untreated
    • Trapped, which requires more urgent treatment

    Hemorrhoids can also cause anal itching and a constant feeling of need to have a bowel movement.

    Hemorrhoids Symptoms

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    Internal hemorrhoid severity can be graded:

    • First grade: prominent blood vessels without any delirium
    • Grade II: Expansion with spontaneous reduction of endurance
    • Grade III: Manual reduction is required even if delirium is tolerated
    • Fourth grade: delirium with the inability to reduce manual

    What are The Signs and Symptoms of Thrombosed or External Hemorrhoids?

    External hemorrhoids with thrombosis are a painful condition. These occur when blood clots cause swelling and inflammation in the hemorrhage.

    • Bleeding becomes more swollen when blood clots form in the hemorrhoids. This swelling leads to increased pain.
    • The abdomen usually worsens with bowel movements and may increase with sitting.

    A vibrating external hemorrhoid can resolve on its own. however, this condition often requires medical care. Bleeding at bowel movements is never normal and it should be requested to see a healthcare professional. Hemorrhoids are the most common cause of intestinal bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease, infections, and other causes of bleeding, including tumors.

    What Is The Difference Between Internal and External Hemorrhoids?

    An internal hemorrhoid is a swollen blood vessel that grows from the rectum to the top of the paclitaxel line. It does not cause any symptoms until there is no bleeding in the bowel movement or it is felt externally after it has spread through the rectum.

    External hemorrhoid arises from the blood vessels that surround the rectum outside the paclitaxel line. They do not cause many problems if they do not spread fast and freeze. Usually, this clot solves the surviving skin spontaneously.

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    A rolled external hemorrhoid occurs when a blood clot transforms into any external hemorrhoid that does not resolve the increased swelling and pain in the hemorrhoid tissues.

    How are Hemorrhoids Diagnosed?

    The diagnosis of hemorrhoids is usually made by history and physical examination by a healthcare professional. Anal and a digital rectal examination are often performed. Depending on the situation, past treatment history, medication, and patient stability, treatment may follow without any subsequent examination.

    • Internal hemorrhoids cannot be diagnosed by physical examination; They may not even be felt by digital rectal examination.
    • Internal and external hemorrhoids can be imagined when a health-care professional examines the rectum.
    • External hemorrhoids with a thrombus can only be diagnosed by looking at it.

    If there is concern that there has been significant bleeding, a complete blood count (CBC) to measure blood hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and platelet counts are available. If the patient is on warfarin, prothrombin time (PT) or INR may be done to measure blood clotting levels.

    Hemorrhoids Treatment: How to Treat Hemorrhoids?

    Many hemorrhoids cream, ointments, and suppositories are available to relieve symptoms and can be used for relief. However, they do not “cure” hemorrhoids. Often they contain narcotic drugs or corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and swelling.

    Treatment of Prolapsed Internal Hemorrhoids:

    Most chronic internal hemorrhoids can go back to the rectum but sometimes your healthcare professional can reduce them by slowly putting pressure on them.

    If the hemorrhoids are swollen and stuck outside the anus and are not treated, the hemorrhoid tissue may not receive enough blood and may become infected. In such cases, surgery may be needed to resolve the problem.

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    Treatment of Thrombosed or External Hemorrhoids:

    External hemorrhoids with thrombosis can be painful and involve a hard lump felt in the anus and cannot go back inside. Hemorrhoids often need to be removed with a small rash.

    After local anesthesia is placed under the skin around the hemorrhoids, a scalpel is used to cut the area and the clot is removed. Acute pain has almost immediate relief but a dull pain may continue.

    There may be some mild bleeding from hemorrhoids for a few days. Sitz baths and prescription medications may be recommended.

    The use of rubber or air rubber donuts can help with pain and preventing constipation is a priority.

    Treatment of Internal Hemorrhoids:

    If there is no bleeding, there may be no symptoms of internal hemorrhoids. Once there is bleeding and / or prolapse and after diagnosis, home remedies are often used to control the symptoms. If there is increased bleeding or problems with reducing prolapsed hemorrhoids, referral to a surgeon is often made to discuss invasive treatment options.

    Treatment of External Bleeding:

    Treatment of external hemorrhoids usually addresses a hygienic problem, where excess skin tags make it difficult to properly clean the rectal area after rectal movement. If this becomes a significant problem, surgical hemorrhoids may be considered for removal.

    External hemorrhoids with thrombosis may require acute removal of the clot in the office or emergency care department.

    What Surgical Treatment Options are Available for the Treatment and Cure of Hemorrhoids?

    There are a variety of surgical options for chronic pain or bleeding.

    Rubber band ligation: Rubber band ligation for internal hemorrhoids can be performed in the doctor’s office. The surgeon places a few tight rubber bands around the base of the hemorrhoidal vein so that it can lose blood supply. After 1 to 2 days of the procedure, there may be some fullness or discomfort and a small amount of bleeding may be experienced.

    Sclerotherapy: During a chemical injection into hemorrhoids, sclerotherapy describes a process that results in scarring and shrinkage.

    Laser therapy: Laser therapy can be used to scar and harden internal hemorrhoids.

    Hemorrhoidectomy: Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure performed in the operating room with an anesthetic agent (common, spinal, or locally depleted) where the entire hemorrhoid is removed (Xtomy = removal). This is the most aggressive approach and has a significant reduction in the chances of hemorrhoids returning. This method has the potential for complications; However, these occur in less than 5% of the time. Complications include infection, bleeding, and stenosis where scarring compresses the rectum.

    Stapled hemorrhoidectomy: Stapled hemorrhoidectomy is a new surgical procedure for the treatment of hemorrhoids and it has become a fast treatment for severe hemorrhoidal disease. Stapled hemorrhoidectomy is a misnomer, since surgery does not remove the hemorrhoids, but rather tightens the abnormally hemorrhoidal supporting tissue to prevent the hemorrhoids from extending downward. Stepped hemorrhoidectomy takes about 30 minutes faster than oid hemorrhoidectomy. It is associated with much less pain than traditional hemorrhoidectomy and patients usually return to normal function and work very quickly.

    Regardless of the surgery, dietary suggestions for sedative baths and extended rashes are generally recommended.

    How to Get Rid of Hemorrhoids?

    There are several natural home remedies, for example, a warm sitz bath, dietary changes, stool softeners, and exercise to treat hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids may need to be repaired for OTC or prescription medications or surgery, for example, rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, laser therapy, hemorrhoidectomy, and stapled hemorrhoidectomy.

    Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids or Piles:

    Triphala Powder:

    Since constipation is the main cause of Hemorrhoids, if the incidence of constipation can be reduced in any way, then the fort will be conquered! But do you know how to reduce it? If you eat 4 grams of Triphala powder in a glass of hot water every night before going to bed, then the incidence of constipation will be reduced. As a result, the treatment of piles at home does not take time to reduce the pain.

    hemorrhoids treatments

    Castor Oil:

    Castor oil is very effective in the home treatment of hemorrhoids. It contains a lot of anti-oxidants. Contains anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-inflammatory ingredients, which reduce the pain of piles in a short time. It even plays a special role in curing hemorrhoids by reducing inflammation. To get all these benefits, before going to bed at night, you have to mix 3 ml of castor oil in a glass of hot milk and drink it. If you do this regularly, you will get benefits to hand in hand.

    Dinner Compulsory:

    Dinner should not be eaten with spicy food. Protein-rich foods should also be avoided. You should not eat fried food. Because, playing all these foods, Bowel Movement is not exactly like. The level of inflammation also increases, which makes the pain of piles worse. This is why doctors recommend eating light meals at night. If you can eat fiber-rich food at dinner, then there is no point! Because fiber relieves constipation. As a result, it does not take long to reduce the incidence of piles.

    Drink Water Properly:

    Once you can get rid of problems like constipation, then there will be no more worries about piles. And the incidence of constipation will decrease only when the food is properly digested. And this is why doctors recommend drinking eight to ten glasses of water a day. Because the more water you drink, the better the Bowel Movement will be. This will reduce the incidence of constipation. The pain of piles will also decrease.

    Eat more Green Vegetables, Carrots, and Cucumbers:

    Regularly eating a bowl of cucumber and carrot will make up for the lack of water in the body. The levels of anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory ingredients will also increase, so it will not take long to reduce the incidence of piles. And why eat green vegetables? Such foods are rich in vitamin C and vitamin K, which reduce inflammation. At the same time, it improves digestion and reduces the incidence of constipation. As a result, it does not take long for the symptoms of hemorrhoids to subside.


    Mix half a spoon of hing in a glass of water and eat it every day. It will improve digestion. The incidence of piles will decrease. Apart from that, it contains a lot of beneficial ingredients, which are useful for the body in many ways. That’s why you have to rely on hing to stay healthy.

    Aloe Vera:

    This natural ingredient is packed with anti-inflammatory ingredients. That’s why when you start eating aloe vera juice every day, the pain of piles is reduced in a blink of an eye, along with the itching and swelling.

    Coconut Oil:

    If there is a pain in the piles, a little coconut oil should be applied slowly to the anus. Doing so will reduce the level of inflammation. As a result, it will not take long for the pain to subside. The feeling of swelling will also decrease.

    Ice Rubbing:

    There is no better substitute instead of ice to reduce the pain of quick piles. In this case, take a small amount of ice in a plastic bag and infuse it in the anus for at least twenty minutes. It will not only reduce the pain but also reduce the swelling of the muscles.

    Last Words:

    We have to eat more fruits and vegetables instead of junk food. Need to drink more and more water. Must practice regular bowel movements. Consult a doctor if any irregularities or problems occur. If for any reason blood is seen in the stool or any other such problem is seen, then it is necessary to go to a specialist doctor immediately. Then the disease can be easily controlled at an early stage.

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