The speed of the fastest TGV train is 637.4 kmph, the speed of the fastest magnetic driven train is maglev recording a speed of 420.2 kmph, but these trains are just babies in front of hyperloop, it travels 1400kpmh in vacuum tubes and is currently only tested as prototypes. Now the development of Maglev is at a rapid pace around the world. Some people believe these trains are the future of means of transportation. Although, current technological procurement for Maglev train seems to be little expensive even for economically stable countries. Maglev = magnetic levitation, we can only guess that this reversing of the linear motor converts the energy of the train into electrical energy which is fed back into the electrical network.
The major point is that there is no friction at all and no connection with the ground, so friction brakes are not possible to have read of a proposal for long-distance. Maglev trains not to use a linear electric motor for forwarding propulsion but to use a jet engine. In this case, also, stop will be by the reverse thrust of the engine – but this type has not been built yet. China became the first country in the world which own a functioning Maglev train. On Tuesday, China introduces its first Maglev train, this magnetic levitation train can reach up to a speed of 600kmph. The magnetic train is one of its kind and termed as the fastest train in the world for the time being. China has manufactured the train in the city of Qingdao and all the parts of the train are manufactured in China, this is a homemade train of China.
Maglev train of China has been registered as the fastest vehicle in the world which can run on land. Maglev trains are the wave of the future, but they cost quite a bit to install. So far few investors are willing to spend the billion dollars required to get into the game. Once in the game, it’s another billion dollars to run a few miles’ worths of the track. Maglev trains will pay for those costs over the long run in terms of transporting things cheaply, but that layover time between initial investment and pay-out cost makes it a hard sell. Maglev trains are beneficial but it’s the cost/ benefit is the problem. Although, the benefits of maglev trains are multiple, and one benefit is that maglev trains are cheap as a means of mass transit.
The problem like many forms of green energy is that the initial installation cost is very high- taking 10 or 20 or 50 years till the cheapness of transit pays off the account of the expense for installation. The only resistance is about the same as an airplane, “air resistance”. Therefore, the operating speed could be increased dramatically by increasing the rate of supply of current. China has also used the same electromagnetic technology in the Maglev trains. These trains float above the track and there is no contact of the train to the rail. China has been working on levitation technology for the last two decades. The scale of the development of Maglev trains is on a limited scale owing to its surmounting cost. China has started its maglev train service for a very short route, the train is running from one of its airports to a city.
We can assume that the Maglev trains are still in the development phase even in China. There are a lot of benefits to Maglev trains over other conventional trains. One of the benefits is its better acceleration and deceleration. The acceleration rate will drop at a certain speed for traditional trains due to its motor will generate a counter electromotive force. The power is transferred from the motor through a gear to the wheel. So how fast the train moves is depended on the spinning speed of the motor. And that force will become larger and larger so the motor couldn’t spin any faster. The benefits of maglev trains are multiple, and one benefit is Power: maglevs do not generate the power or do the work needed to move. It is completely done by the guide. This allows excellent control on acceleration and also requires straight and dedicated guides.
The precise control allows quick acceleration and deceleration in addition to energy efficiency. Maglevs are surprisingly light for a train. No wheels and no motors, except for the air conditioning. They either have a magnetic coil system. Lack of wheels allows low friction giving an extra boost. It’s flying and can in theory reach airline speeds. Maglev trains rely on the magnetic field to push and pull the train, so they can accelerate to the maximum speed to a relative consistency rate. Both wheels and rail tracks are made of steel. It is environmental-friendly transportation because it is good at reducing friction so the train can coast for a longer distance. But this advantage becomes a disadvantage when it comes to deceleration. The magnet is keeping the pole switching at the same rate. If it switches slower, the train will become slower.
The train sustains proportionate stability because of the strong electromagnet. Economically speaking, the cost of manufacturing and starting service of Maglev train is unlively high but it is economically in the budget for daily accommodation. The problem only lies in the manufacturing and initiating the Maglev train services. Countries like Japan and India also working on fast train services like China. China has confirmed the initiation of the maglev train in the year 2019 and released few documents related to its futuristic transportation project. As for now, China has introduced the Maglev train only from an airport to a town, this is an introduction of the Maglev train in the world of transportation. Now, there is only one route has been established for the Maglev train in China. China has established a single route only for the testing of its Maglev train in the introductory phase.
After some time china will start introducing the maglev train and its routes on large scale and it will connect different cities and sub-urban places of China. Other cities like shanghai and Chengdu have already initiated the process of test and research of Maglev trains and in the coming years, these cities of China will be on the list of Maglev train routes. The Maglev train runs or we can say float at the speed of 600kph. It is the world record for any land vehicle which can accommodate a large number of people. At this speed, the maglev train can travel from Beijing to Shanghai in less than 2.5 hours. The distance between Shanghai to Beijing is somewhere around 1000km. The journey time of the maglev train can also be deducted by increasing the speed of the train, but as the train is still in the development phase any rush test can cause huge damage.
The traveling time by Maglev train will be so short, such that it will take lesser time than an airplane takes to reach a point. The flight time between shanghai to Beijing is around 3 hours and Maglev is just taking 2.5 hours to cover the distance between these two cities. On the other hand, by the other fast train of China (other than Maglev Train), it will take up to 5.5 hours to cover the distance of around 1000km between shanghai to Beijing. Other countries are already working on Maglev train but China is one of the first counties which has reached the unbelievable speed of 600kph. The fastest maglev so far (before the Maglev train of china) is a test maglev in Japan that got up to 375mph. Based on the reports and news, only China, Japan, and Germany have been working on maglev trains.
The future of the Maglev train is prosperous, but for the time being it is unaffordable even for the countries like USA and UK. Maglev will become the fastest transportation between point A to point B. Even faster than airplanes (because you must count on the check-in time, taxiing time, and luggage pick-up time). So, more and more time you can stay in either city, you can spend more money or doing more things in 1 day. You can ride on a bus for an hour from your home to the office 30km away. And now you can go to another city 500km away from you and do a short “traveling” and return to your home on the same day. Other alternatives of maglev trains are also in process, India is working on the development of Bullet train in collaboration with Japan. Japan had heavily invested in the bullet train project of India.
Another fastest-growing transportation systems are overhead cable cars which have posts spaced up to 1000 meters (versus 30 meters) apart and can be routed over buildings/rivers easily. The problem with these overhead cable cars is they are slow (e.g. 35 mph) and have low capacity. India is also working on Hyperloop, which is just another version of the Maglev train. But the development of the Hyperloop is still on paper for the time being. Maglev technology is costlier than HSR (High-speed railway) technology in terms of construction costs. Though the speed is 450 km/h, the risk of operation of Maglev is very high than the HSR. Maglev doesn’t have wheels; it flies in the air about 10 mm above the surface. Since India is not ready for that kind of Advanced tech so we have dropped maglev tech. Maglev tech needs 100% electrical efficiency or else it will collapse resulting in a catastrophe. Even if the supply goes off for 5 – 6 seconds the train will crash down to the surface of the flyover.