How to Make Soft Idli Recipe at Home | Idli Batter Recipe

Idli, a beloved South Indian delicacy, has captured the hearts and taste buds of people across the globe. With its pillowy texture and mild, comforting flavor, it has become a staple breakfast option for many. While it might seem daunting to recreate the perfect soft idli at home, armed with the right ingredients and techniques, you can achieve idli perfection that rivals your favorite restaurant. In this article, we’ll take you through a step-by-step guide on how to make soft idli at home that will leave your family craving for more.

Also Read: How to Make Dosa at Home

Idli Recipe at Home

What Is Idli

Idli is a popular South Indian dish that is a type of savory steamed rice cake. It is a staple in many South Indian households and is also enjoyed in other parts of India and around the world. Idli is known for its light, fluffy texture and mild, slightly tangy flavor. It is typically served as a breakfast item but can also be enjoyed as a snack or part of a meal.

The main ingredients used to make idli are rice and black gram (urad dal). The rice and urad dal are soaked, ground into a batter, and then left to ferment overnight. The fermentation process not only adds to the flavor but also contributes to the airy texture of the idlis.

How to Make Soft Idli

To make idlis, the batter is poured into special round molds or trays and then steamed until cooked. The resulting idlis are soft, spongy, and usually white in color. They are often served with accompaniments like sambar (a lentil-based vegetable stew), coconut chutney, and various types of chutneys or sauces.

Idlis are considered a nutritious and easily digestible food due to the fermentation process and the minimal use of oil in their preparation. They are also versatile and can be customized by adding ingredients like vegetables, spices, or herbs to the batter to create variations in flavor and appearance.

Mastering the Art of Crafting Soft and Fluffy Idli and Idli Batter Recipes at Home

Ingredients to Make Idli and Soft Idli Batter

  • 2 cups of idli rice
  • 1 cup of urad dal (split black gram)
  • ½ teaspoon of fenugreek seeds
  • Salt to taste
  • Water for soaking and grinding

Equipment You Need to Make Soft Idli Batter at Home

  • Grinder or blender
  • Idli molds or steamer
  • Mixing bowls
  • Ladle
  • Muslin cloth or wet cloth

Best Methods to Make Homemade Idli and Soft Idli Batter:


Begin by rinsing the idli rice and urad dal separately under cold water until the water runs clear. Then, place them in separate bowls and cover them with enough water. Add fenugreek seeds to the urad dal bowl. Allow them to soak for at least 4-6 hours or preferably overnight. The soaking process is crucial as it ensures the idlis turn out soft and airy.


Drain the soaked urad dal and fenugreek seeds. Grind them to a smooth paste using a grinder or blender, adding small amounts of water as needed. The goal is to achieve a fluffy, light consistency. Transfer the urad dal batter to a large mixing bowl.

Similarly, grind the soaked idli rice to a fine, slightly grainy paste. This might require more water than the urad dal batter. Combine the rice batter with the urad dal batter in the mixing bowl. Add salt and mix well, ensuring both batters are thoroughly combined.


Fermentation is the key to achieving the characteristic tangy flavor and soft texture of idlis. Cover the mixing bowl with a clean cloth or plastic wrap and place it in a warm, undisturbed spot for about 8-10 hours or until the batter doubles in volume. If you live in a colder climate, you can place the bowl in your oven with the light on to provide a slightly warm environment for fermentation.

Preparing the Idlis

After fermentation, gently stir the batter to incorporate any air bubbles that may have formed. Your batter should have a slightly tangy aroma and a frothy texture. If the batter is too thick, add a little water and mix until you achieve a pouring consistency.

Grease the idli molds with a touch of oil to prevent sticking. If you prefer, you can also line the molds with banana leaves or muslin cloth for added flavor. Pour the batter into the molds, filling them about three-fourths full, as the idlis will expand while cooking.


Heat water in a steamer until it’s simmering. Place the filled idli molds in the steamer and cover with a lid. Steam the idlis for 10-12 minutes on medium heat, or until a toothpick inserted into the center of an idli comes out clean.


Once the idlis are cooked, remove them from the steamer and allow them to cool slightly before gently removing them from the molds using a spoon. Serve these fluffy delights hot with a variety of accompaniments, such as coconut chutney, sambar, or tomato chutney.

Idli Recipe at Home

Some Tips to Make Perfect Idli at Home

  • Consistency is key: Ensure the batter is well-ground, smooth, and has the right consistency for both urad dal and rice.
  • Fermentation matters: Allow the batter to ferment sufficiently for the best flavor and texture.
  • Steaming time: Steaming for the right duration ensures soft idlis. Overcooking can make them dense.
  • Experiment with proportions: You can adjust the ratio of rice to urad dal to find the texture you prefer.
  • Leftover batter: Refrigerate leftover batter for up to 2-3 days and use it to make dosas.


Making soft idli at home is an art that requires patience and precision. By following these steps and tips, you can master the technique and enjoy the delight of serving your family and friends authentic, restaurant-quality idli in the comfort of your home. So, roll up your sleeves, gather your ingredients, and embark on a journey to create idli that will leave a lasting impression on your taste buds.

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